1. Structure of the eye.
2. Functions of the eye structures.
3. Booklet page 9 exercise 3.
5. Booklet page 9 exercise 2: The cornea bends or refracts the light rays for the lens to bend and focus them on the fovea (if there is a bright light, on cones) or throughout the retina (if there is dim light, on rods).
6. VIDEO explaining the pupil reflex.
-stimulus: a bright light. >> receptor: cones >> coordinator: brain >> effector: radial and circular muscles >> effect: circular muscles contract while radium relax >> response: the pupil constricts.
-stimulus: a dim light. >> receptor: rods >> coordinator: brain >> effector: radial and circular muscles >> effect: circular muscles relax while radium contract >> response: the pupil gets dilated.
CIRCULAR MUSCLE vs RADIUM MUSCLE: Antagonistic muscles
7. Booklet page 9 exercise 1c: In the dark room light is focused all over the retina, where the rodes are. Rodes are stimulated the, but rodes are of black and white vision only. So Jasmin seed only shapes, not colours.
8. Animations to learn how the eye focuses on a nearby and a distant object.
9. Booklet page 9 exercise 2b: If a close object is focused, the light rays coming will be diverging so they will need a lot of bending. The cornea will bend them and focus them on the lens and the lens will need to be thick so it bends more. The ciliary muscles contract, the suspensory ligaments go slack and the lens becomes shorter and fatter.
Booklet page 10 exercise 4a: Lens and cornea
10. Booklet page 10 exercise 5:
a. light receptors bring out electrical impulses.